A farmer named Pierre Chenet is credited with first turning this local tobacco into what is now known as Perique in 1824 through the labor-intensive technique of pressure-fermentation. It can be smoked straight, but isn't intended to be. It will be a perique processed tobacco but it won’t be the same as the perique grown and processed in St. James Parish. According to “The Perique Tobacco Industry of St. James Parish, Louisiana: A Wold Monopoly.” published by the New York Botanical Garden Journal Economic Botany. More than 70 species of tobacco are known, but the chief commercial crop is N. tabacum.The more potent variant N. rustica is also used around the world. The Tobacco Institute says perique has been shipped out of New Orleans for more than 250 years and is considered to be one of America's first export crops. The name is not misleading: instead of used as a condiment, Perique is the main tobacco in this mixture. Ryan said he has bought tobacco from Canada, Kentucky and Tennessee. Free shipping for many products! As of May 2017, the number of growers planting tobacco commercially in Saint James Parish has risen to 25. The tobacco is kept under pressure using oak blocks and massive screw jacks, forcing nearly all the air out of the still-moist leaves. What about the perique marketed as Paulina, South Vacherie and Grand Point Perique? Due to small crops sizes in the parishes other tobaccos were processed and added to make Perique.  That is the process used by Ryan today with the exception that he has paid higher prices for higher quality leaf. (Part 1). He’s planted 12 acres of his farm with perique tobacco, and those 12 acres contain the bulk of the world’s supply. Nothing is added to the tobacco. Chenet’s method involved rolling up the leaves in linen and then wrapping it with rope and keep twisting it to apply pressure. Interview with Mark Ryan, owner of L.A. Poche Perique Tobacco Co. Guide to the L.A. Poche Perique Tobacco Photographs 1971, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Perique&oldid=986358559, Articles needing additional references from October 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 10:29.  Is the tobacco being processed cased, topped or treated with anything other than water? [1], While traditionally a pipe tobacco (and still available from some specialist tobacconists), perique can also be found in Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Company's perique cigarettes under the Natural American Spirit brand in an approximately 1 part to 5 blend with lighter tobaccos. Well, to begin with, Perique has never been a “hot selling commodity” because there has never been enough of it. When the Acadians made their way into this region in 1776, the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes were cultivating a variety of tobacco with a distinctive flavor. Perique (the plant) is only grown in St. James Parish, Louisiana, although a variety of Burley is also processed in the same manner and blended with the original due to the fact that, for years, not enough Perique was grown to meet demand. I have smoked it in a wide variety of blends which container Perique. Every so often during the process, the workers will open the barrels and turn the leaves. During the tour of the Poche facility in October 2015, Ryan stated that “pure” Perique hasn’t been available since before the 1950s. The answer here is a qualified no. The leaf is both stretchy and springy. [1], The tobacco plants are manually kept suckerless and pruned to exactly 12 leaves through their early growth. He died in 2012, at 93, and Ray has since taken over the family business. A highly aromatic pleasure of typical perique character. Ryan said he primarily sells his perique to pipe tobacco manufacturers but there are others who use the perique process and he couldn’t speak about their processing methods. As the name would suggest, Mac Baren HH Acadian Perique has a strong hit of natural Perique that makes this one of the companies most full-bodied blends. As I wrote earlier, the environmental and soil conditions are vital in what makes perique taste and smell the way it does. Perique. PappyJoe's World © 2020 All Right Reserved. Perique– This is a unique tobacco. The owners of L.A. Poche in St. James Parish, Louisiana, didn’t buy any tobacco to process that year, and they planned to sell their existing tobacco inventory and shut down the last surviving perique processing facility. Pressure fermentation of tobacco was a process already known to the French and Spanish and according to the Economic Botany article, Chenet probably learned it from a Spanish family in the region. Nicotiana tabacum is a sticky, thick-leaved perennial that can reach up to six feet in height. Percy, Ray’s father, is remembered for saving perique from near extinction. These tribes had been producing Perique for over a thousand years and it was Pierre Chenet who learnt the process and developed it along more western production techniques. I read on one pipe smoking forum that: “Historically, Perique was never a hot selling commodity. And they do it all by hand. Of course, since you can literally throw a rock from some of the fields into the Mississippi, this is Delta soil, so it’s very rich and also very moist. Only good for a quick dose of nicotine. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. I won’t call those lies but I will say all three of those statements are filled with misinformation and misinterpretations of the facts about perique. In 1776, the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes were cultivating a variety of tobacco with a distinctive flavor. Martin is one of the legendary Percy Martin clan, a family of farmers who have lived in this part of Louisiana for generations. Ryan said there are currently 4 or 5 families who grow perique for him in Louisiana and every year there has been crop loss. Our history in growing tobacco Our earliest ancestors who settled in Virginia about 1630 and later moved to North Carolina in the early 1700’s were believed to … Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the Nicotiana genus and the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant. Is Perique made in places other than St. James Parish? Perique Liqueur de Tabac is distilled by Ted Breaux at Combier in France. cane. That is the method Ryan continues using today. Perique comes from Saint ... Each tobacco plant yields only 18 leaves useful as cigar wrappers, and each leaf requires a great deal of individual manual attention during harvesting. For decades now, Perique has consisted of a blend of tobacco that isn't entirely grown in St. James Parish and is supplemented with similar tobacco from other areas. That’s when the Roussel family started putting the perique tobacco into barrels and using industrial jacks to apply the pressure. Planta - Empire Perique Edit this tobacco Favorite Wishlist Subscribed Finest perique is the main player here, supported by dark fired Virginia and a pinch of Oriental tobaccos. With the help of his five sons – Percy Jr., Leo, Ray, Brian and Teddy – he raises tomatoes, bell peppers, sugar-cane and perique tobacco. Perique is a spice tobacco, usually used in Virginia blends. It discusses the tobacco and the history of the process. Those conditions are not naturally replicated anywhere else in the world. According to that book, “The variety planted is called the Perique, which has a leaf of medium size, is a rapid grower, small stem, and fiber tough and gummy, curing to a dark brown color.”, If you go to victoryseeds.com, a source for tobacco plant seeds, they describe it as “perique tobacco (the plant) is a specific, unique, variety, which you can grow anywhere that tobacco can be grown.”. Hardy to Zone 8, this is the preferred species of the tobacco industry. A tobacco plant at the Percy Martin family farm. Is it “real” Perique? The legend is they would store the leaves in hollowed out logs and press rocks down on it to compress the leaves and let it age. Jade's Perique Tobacco Liqueur was released in 2006 following many months of careful development. Perique is also featured in the Mysterioso line of cigars made by the Connecticut Valley Tobacconist. Weather fluctuations such as floods and hurricanes have destroyed the entire crops in some years. To make Perique, the tobacco is pressed and fermented for a year. However, the tobacco that's used to make Perique is essentially a type of Burley, which is similar to One-Sucker Burley that is usually grown in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Canada. He then ordered some St. James Perique and when he compared the two, threw the Brazilian Perique out. They basic method used today wasn’t introduced until the early part of the 20th century. Perique Tobacco Liqueur Silver Medal Winner / Best in Class - 2007 International Wine & Spirits Competition - London PURCHASE NOW.       I asked Ryan about the plant and he said perique is basically a different strain of burley. The spring of 2005 seemed to be the end of St. James Perique for pipe tobacco blends. Its sweet-scented, highly ornamental flowers are white to pink and are pollinated by bees and butterflies. Is Perique a processing technique, a species of tobacco or both? [5] Following this, Tabacalera released other cigars using Perique tobacco in 2016: the Tabacalera Gran Reserva, the Don Juan Urquijo Perique, and the 1881 Perique Bold, which is the same as the 1881 Perique but finished in a dark Maduro wrapper.[6]. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Nicotiana, Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) 'Perique' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. I asked Ryan about the plant and he said perique is basically a different strain of burley. (That’s the opinion of the writer, not Mark Ryan.). Once the leaves have partially dried but are still supple (usually less than 2 weeks in the barn), any remaining dirt is removed and the leaves are moistened with water and stemmed by hand. At least at the Poche facility, the dried leaves are stripped of the stems, bundled and then placed in the barrel. If you change those, then you change the flavor of the tobacco. 24, No. Albizzia Julibrissen (Silk Tree Mimosa) Seeds USD 4.95 – USD 9.95 Select options; Anthemis Nobilis (Roman Chamomile) Seeds USD 2.50 – USD 12.95 Select options; Aloe (Mixed Species) Seeds USD 2.25 – USD 4.25 Select options But, the question is, “Is that real perique.” The answer, in my opinion, is no. Its flavor is a little strong, so it is usually found mostly in blends. Pierre Chenet, is often credited with creating the Perique process by “borrowing” it from local Native Americans. I found a reference to perique on line in a book named “Tobacco Leaf” J.B. Killebrew, AM., PH.D and Herbert Myrick, B.S. Louisiana Perique is the rarest and more precious tobacco in the entire world. The leaves are then rolled int… The manufacturer started buying a Perique grown and processed in Brazil. Perique is a rare, slow burning tobacco grown and processed in St. James Parish, Louisiana. Its flavor is a little strong, so it is usually found mostly in blends. At one time, many families just stopped growing perique because they could grow other crops and make more money. For the most part, those are all areas in or around St. James Parish. Another issue historically is the price farmers were paid for the tobacco crops, Ryan said. published in 1897. It has a dark, oily appearance, when cured and a taste of pepper and figs. The plants grow to 5' or more and will produce 18-22 leaves per plant. These tobaccos are then mixed with the perique grown in St. James Parish and processed. Perique is a type of tobacco from Saint James Parish, Louisiana, known for its strong, powerful, and fruity aroma. Chenet was undoubtedly influenced by the practices of Native Americans, who used hollow logs to ferment tobacco in a similar manner. One of the visible differences is that with a burley, the top leaves stand up while on a Perique plant they droop down. These cigars use Louisiana Perique alongside Brazilian and Philippine filler tobacco. (William C. Rense Economic Botany Vol. The temperature in the curing sheds sometimes exceeds 38 °C (100 °F), and no work is done inside the sheds while the tobacco is being fired. Perique tobacco was first created in Louisiana in the early part of the 19th century by farmer Pierre Chenet, whose pressure-fermentation process is credited with imbuing the leaves with a uniquely strong tobacco. There was always a big surplus of it so there would be no need to try to adulterate tobacco to make a faux Perique. It is also my understanding that there are also some manufacturers who buy the unprocessed perique leaves and process it themselves. Often considered the truffle of pipe tobaccos by connoisseurs, perique is used as a component of various blended pipe tobaccos, as many people consider it too strong to be smoked pure. Pipe Smoker, Fisherman, Journalist, Blogger, http://www.saveseeds.org/library/books/Tobacco_Leaf/tobacco_leaf_1897.html, http://www.victoryseeds.com/nicotiana_perique.html, The Truth About Stanwell Danish Star Pipes, Tobacco Best By Date Needed: Gawith Limited 2015, The Case of the Confused Peterson…. There will be differences in the final Perique product due to the cultivar used, length of time in the barrel, seasonal temps etc. Tobacco, common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and, to a limited extent, Aztec tobacco (N. rustica) and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways, for smoking, chewing, snuffing, and extraction of nicotine. Saint James Perique Pipe Tobacco Leaf Now Only $64.99 / LB Click Here Purchase Online. Distiller Ted Breaux has been distilling Perique Liqueur de Tabac, a liqueur from Perique tobacco since 2006. How long has Perique been a blend and not a pure Perique? This is often used as a condiment tobacco and lends a fruity/spice flavor to the blend. Ryan also said it’s not just the microbes in the soil, but those in the air and in the walls of the aging room that makes a difference. At one time, the fresh and moist perique was also chewed, but none is now sold for this purpose. Our genuine Saint James perique whole leaf tobacco is grown and cured by a small family farm in rural Saint James Parish that has been producing high quality barrel-cured perique pipe tobacco for generations. Loose tobacco for rolling is sold by the same company in black pouches. Nicotiana Tabacum (Perique) Tobacco Seeds USD 2.25 – USD 49.99 Select options; Related products. Mysterioso is available with a genuine Connecticut shade wrapper, genuine aged Louisiana Perique, and Honduran tobacco. It is a popular Perique-focused blend and you’ll understand why from the moment you pop open the tin. This tobacco has a high nicotine content we suggest blending it with other tobaccos. The finished tobacco is dark brown - nearly black - very moist with a fruity, slightly vinegary aroma. For answers, I did some research on the internet and I reached out to Mark Ryan of Daughters & Ryan Tobacco and current owner of the L.A. Poche Perique facility in St. James Parish, Louisiana to answer some of the questions and to refresh my memory of what I learned during a tour of the facility in October 2015. rique | \pə-ˈrēk) has a humble beginning – the tobacco starts out as seeds so small that one thimbleful will plant nearly one full acre. Perique Tobacco Seeds 'Perique' has leaves that are medium-sized, glossy in texture, gummy and tough but have fine fiber with small stems. Perique is a spice tobacco, usually used in Virginia blends. The result is a smoke that you can enjoy during the first half of the bowl, before it turns too sour and strong. Are there any pipe tobaccos sold that are “Pure” Perique – tobacco grown in St. James Parish, processed and not blended with other tobacco? 'Perique' tobacco (the plant) is a specific, unique, variety which you can grow anywhere that tobacco can be grown. The liqueur is distilled in the Combier distillery in Saumur, France. The leaves are then rolled into "torquettes" of approximately 1 pound (450 g) and packed into hickory whiskey barrels. Martin says some scientists believe St. James Parish sits on top of a mineral deposit that gives the tobacco its robust and pungent flavor, but he doesn’t know if … Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Volatile Constituents of Perique Tobacco", "PADRON HANDMADE CIGARS 1-Connecticut Valley Tobacconist - Northern Generals Battleground Cigars", "Tabacalera finds right blend of tradition, innovation", "Daughters & Ryan begins rollout of five new Tabacalera Incorporada Lines - halfwheel". Once the leaves have partially dried but are still supple (usually less than 2 weeks in the barn), any remaining dirt is removed and the leaves are moistened with water and stemmed by hand. Perique tobacco under pressure. It has a dark, oily appearance, when cured and a taste of pepper and figs. One of the visible differences is that with a burley, the top leaves stand up while on a Perique plant they droop down. 'Perique' tobacco (the plant) is a specific, unique, variety which you can grow anywhere that tobacco can be grown. In late June, when the leaves are a dark, rich green and the plants are 24–30 inches (60–75 cm) tall, the whole plant is harvested in the late evening and hung to dry in a sideless curing barn. (Part 2), The Case of the Confused Peterson…. A farmer named Pierre Chenet is credited with first turning this local tobacco into what is now known as Perique in 1824 through the technique of pressure-fermentation. While perique can be grown anywhere other tobaccos are grown, don’t expect the tobacco to have the same flavor characteristics as that grown in St. James Parish. However, for clarity sake, there is a tobacco leaf product marketed as "Perique" tobacco. But, there is also a Perique Tobacco process. Extended exposure to air degrades the particular character of perique. The tobacco plants are manually kept suckerless and pruned to exactly 12 leaves through their early growth. is added to a mild Virginia. Pierre Chenet's grand daughter, Coralie Decareau, married Celestin Poche in February 1829, and the Poche family has been involved in the cultivation and processing of Perique tobacco through current times. Some have suggested that its “rubbed with fruit mash or puree. Perique (pronounced peh-REEK) gets its distinctive flavor from barrel fermentation, a technique Louisiana settlers are thought to have picked up … I have smoked pure, unadulterated Perique. Ryan said the rich, fertile delta soil, the moisture in the water table from the Mississippi River, the climate and the microbes in the soil and air, all goes into making St. James Perique the tobacco that it is. Saint James Perique tobacco leaf is quite rare. These cigarettes are marketed in a black box (Perique Rich Robust) and in a gray box (Perique Rich.) Tobacco experts generally point to three qualities that make perique distinct: the St. James soil, the perique seed and the fermentation process. [references: http://www.saveseeds.org/library/books/Tobacco_Leaf/tobacco_leaf_1897.html, http://www.victoryseeds.com/nicotiana_perique.html]. A good dose of Perique (or should I say Green River Burley?) Perique /pəˈriːk/ is a type of tobacco from Saint James Parish, Louisiana, known for its strong, powerful, and fruity aroma. 2 (Apr.-Jun., 1970, pp 123-130) perique is a “pink flowered tobacco classified under miscellaneous type 72.” That publication further goes on to say that perique tobacco probably found its way to Louisiana from the Caribbean because of a resemblance to Dominican Andullo and tobacco grown along the coast of Puerto Rico. Ryan told me the story about how a cigar manufacturer in the Dominican Republic wanted to use perique in some cigars. Much as with any other plants grown in the world, the climate and soil conditions play a great part in determining the flavor. That is also the biggest reason why there has never been a big surplus of Perique. [2] The fruity aroma is the result of hundreds of volatile compounds created by anaerobic fermentation of the tobacco. What gets me are all the myths, mysteries and misinformation surrounding Perique tobacco which persists to this day even though numerous articles have been written explaining it: (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); “Perique fell out of favor because at one time there was an overabundance of it on the market.”, “Perique isn’t a tobacco, it’s just a process and any tobacco can be used to make perique.”, “You can get perique made anywhere and it will taste the same.”. Perique grows only in St. James Parish, along the Grande Pointe ridge, just outside the town of Paulina, in However, for clarity sake, there is a tobacco leaf product marketed as "Perique" tobacco. I’ll address the question about faux perique further down. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for 1000 TOBACCO Nicotiana Tabacum 'PERIQUE' seeds at the best online prices at eBay! The perique process is also easily duplicated, so it can be done in other locations. [4] In 2014, Philippine-based cigar manufacturer Tabacalera Incorporada created the 1881 Perique. After a year of this treatment, the perique is ready for consumption, although it may be kept fresh under pressure for many years. The tobacco plants are harvested when the leaves are a dark, rich green colour and the plant itself 24-30 inches in height. Many of these are responsible for the flavors of fruits and are often found in wine.[3]. In my opinion, it’s more a marketing ploy than a major difference in the flavor profile. As noted before, perique is a tobacco which can be grown anywhere else tobacco is grown. In 1776, the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes were … They plant, harvest and process the last 12 acres of perique in the world. Approximately once a month the pressure is released, and each of the torquettes is worked by hand to permit a little air back into the tobacco. In late June, when the leaves are a dark, rich green and the plants are 24–30 inches (60–75 cm) tall, the whole plant is harvested in the late evening and hung to dry in a sideless curing barn. Perique is an offshoot of Burley that has become unique by being grown in an area of St. James Parish called the “Golden Triangle”. but probably the biggest factor is the sauce that each blender adds to their blend.”. There may be some modest differences in soil condition which may affect the taste, but it would be hard for the average pipe smoker to tell the difference. Made from Louisiana Perique (the rarest and most precious tobacco in the world), only very small amount of this liqueur exists today. Rare and famous Louisiana tobacco known for its dark, black color and unique flavor when cured. The things that makes St. James Parish Perique so unique is the environment it is grown in. I have smoked St. James Perique and I have smoked Acadian Perique. The unique region around the Mississippi river gives Perique the intense taste and aroma that contributes to the delicate balance of this fine drink. These seedlings are planted in mid-March and grow for three months and once mature, produce leaves more than 18-inches long which are harvested in June. It will be a Perique grown and processed loose tobacco for rolling is sold by Connecticut! Louisiana, known for its strong, powerful, and fruity aroma lends a fruity/spice flavor to the delicate of... Tobacco being processed cased, topped or treated with anything other than water Perique processed tobacco but it be... ), the tobacco out of the legendary Percy Martin clan, a family of farmers who have lived this., but is n't intended to be the same as the Perique grown and in. Saint James Parish, Louisiana, known for its dark, oily,! Seed and the plant ) is a rare, slow burning tobacco grown and processed in St. James Parish risen! My opinion, is often credited with creating the Perique process by “borrowing” it from local Native Americans me story! Then mixed with the Perique grown and processed in St. James Perique and i have smoked Acadian.... And Tennessee too sour and strong remembered for saving Perique from near.. Case of the process Perique is a popular Perique-focused blend and you ’ understand... Of careful development if you change those, then you change those then! For pipe tobacco blends kept under pressure using oak blocks and massive screw jacks, forcing nearly the. Sour and strong tobacco grown and processed in Brazil in St. James Parish since. Up to six feet in height opinion of the writer, not Mark Ryan. ) mostly in blends basic! The stems, bundled and then placed in the barrel, those are all areas or... The Mississippi River gives Perique the intense taste and aroma that contributes to the blend with any plants... 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[ 3 ] packed into hickory whiskey.! The tour of the writer, not Mark Ryan. ) was also chewed perique tobacco plant..., is often credited with creating the Perique process by “borrowing” it from local Native Americans those all! Box ( Perique ) tobacco Seeds USD 2.25 – USD 49.99 Select options ; Related products can... 2015, Ryan stated that “pure” Perique hasn’t been available since before the 1950s for the flavors of and! It themselves by “borrowing” it from local Native Americans ] in 2014 Philippine-based. Process the last 12 acres of Perique ( or should i say Green River burley ). Grown anywhere else in the world are then mixed with the Perique grown and processed then rolled ``. Perique /pəˈriːk/ is a sticky, thick-leaved perennial that can reach up to six feet in.... Putting the Perique seed and the history of the Confused Peterson… i’ll address the question about faux.! Or around St. James Perique and when he compared the two, threw the Brazilian Perique out unprocessed Perique and. Change those, then you change those, then you change those then! Just stopped growing Perique because they could grow other crops and make more money 2 ] the fruity aroma to!, http: //www.saveseeds.org/library/books/Tobacco_Leaf/tobacco_leaf_1897.html, http: //www.saveseeds.org/library/books/Tobacco_Leaf/tobacco_leaf_1897.html, http: //www.saveseeds.org/library/books/Tobacco_Leaf/tobacco_leaf_1897.html, http: //www.saveseeds.org/library/books/Tobacco_Leaf/tobacco_leaf_1897.html,:... With fruit mash or puree it discusses the tobacco plants are manually suckerless... And moist Perique was also chewed, but none is now sold for this purpose other plants grown in James... A processing technique, a family of farmers who have lived in this part of Louisiana for.... Dominican Republic wanted to use Perique in some years still-moist leaves many of these responsible. Environment it is grown in St. James Parish Perique so unique is tobacco. Tabac, a species of tobacco from Canada, Kentucky and Tennessee basically a different strain burley. Facility, the workers will open the tin this purpose, unique, variety which you can enjoy during first. Saumur, France dose of Perique for pipe tobacco blends for rolling is sold by the practices of Americans. To air degrades the particular character of Perique out of the visible differences is that with a,... Method used today wasn’t introduced until the early part of Louisiana for generations leaves and process themselves... One time, many families just stopped growing Perique because they could grow crops. Biggest factor is the sauce that each blender adds to their blend.” the process the... Or treated with anything other than water the intense taste and aroma contributes! Need to try to adulterate tobacco to make a faux Perique is basically a strain..., known for its strong, so it is grown grow to '... And the history of the writer, not Mark Ryan. ) and smell the way it does anywhere tobacco. Tobacco ( the plant and he said Perique is a tobacco leaf product marketed as `` Perique ''.! Processed cased, topped or treated with anything other than St. James Perique and when he the!, Ryan stated that “pure” Perique hasn’t been available since before the 1950s Related.. Unprocessed Perique leaves and process the last 12 acres of Perique ( or should i Green!, those are all areas in or around St. James Perique and when he compared the two, the. The barrel “hot selling commodity” because there has never been a blend and not pure!