M2 3HZ Water your ficus once or twice a week, and use the finger-soil test mentioned above as a guideline for your watering practice. Kumquat Tree Guide: How to Grow & Care For Kumquat Trees, Bloodgood Japanese Maple Tree Guide: How to Care for “Acer palmatum”, Ficus Alii Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Ficus binnendijkii ‘Alii’”, Sedum Spurium Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Red Carpet” Succulents, Best Automatic Chicken Coop Door Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Best Indoor Plant Stand Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Sambucus Nigra Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Black Lace”. Characteristics of Ficus Carica 'Variegata' Leaves Close-Up (Mecklenburg County,NC), Tropical & Subtropical Asia and Northern Australia, Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Ficus Diseases, Plant Diseases, Penn State Extension; How to Care for Ficus Benjamina; Caring for Bonsai Ficus Trees; This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice … Newer stems have small furrows. If you cut a leaf, you’ll notice a thick, milky-shite substance come from the wound. You’ll need to prune back your tree a few times during the season to stop it from sprawling out. Ficus trees are native to tropical regions of the world, with many popular varieties coming from Africa, Asia, and Europe. It is also commonly known as the weeping fig. Sources. There are a few diseases that might affect your ficus tree, but as long as you don’t keep it in a drafty location, it should stay disease-free. However, most ficus trees prefer a spot in your home near a window where they can enjoy the morning sun, and they stay cool in the afternoon. This fig fruit can be eaten raw or it can be used in cooking. Family Moraceae . Prune the ficus in the wintertime before it enters the dormancy period. Press the soil down to remove any air pockets, and then water the soil thoroughly. Ficus benjamina Cultivars 'Danielle' Thick strong leaves, weeping. The common fig (Ficus carica) is cultivated for its pear-shaped edible fruits, which are really hollow fleshy receptacles (syconia) containing hundreds of male and female flowers. GardenBeast is an online publication which launched in 2019 with the aim of providing the latest news, in-depth how-to guides and reviews of popular products to help you make the most from your back yards and gardens. However, ficus trees can be somewhat picky. Water again when it feels dry. Ficus are reasonably drought-resistant plants. What are the Soil Requirements for Ficus Trees? Ficus in enjoy well-lit areas in the home that are free of drafts. comosa King Fic… The flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. It is undemanding and easy to cultivate. To keep your ficus tree in a bonsai format, you’ll need to prune the branches and leavers that get unruly. Some ficus varieties contain latex in the leaves. Ficus Benjamina and Frost Damage. Ficus trees prefer warm weather for optimal growing conditions. Height – 10 feet (3 meters) indoors, 100 feet (30 meters) outdoors Soil – indoor plant soil mix Exposure – bright light but no direct sunlight They are very rich in vitamins and minerals. Trailing types look fantastic when hanging from flower baskets on the patio. Keep in mind that not all Ficus Benjamina will yield fruit, particularly those that are kept indoors. Since then she has gone on to develop a passion for growing vegetables & fruit in her garden. 1. associated with the mulberry family (Moraceae) 2. genus: Ficus 3. name of variety: Ficus tree (Ficus benjamina) 4. evergreen tree or shrub 5. located in the entire tropical belt, mainly in India, China, Malaysia and Australia 6. dark green, light green or creamy white, shiny leaves 7. growth height in indoor cultivation from 200 to 300 cm, rarely higher 8. leaf shapes: oval, obovate, ovate-lanceolate with smooth or curly edge 9. creamy whi… Learn About Ficus Houseplants. 'Golden King' Yellow and cream margins. 78-136 The ficus grows quickly in the right conditions. Ficus trees make for fantastic indoor or outdoor growing, and all varieties do well as bonsai trees as well. Once you place them in their pot in your home, they don’t enjoy moving. Prefers medium to high light, a bright spot; prefers dry soil and medium relative humidity with a temperature of greater than 55 degrees F; withstands heavy pruning; water with care, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings, applying very little during winter months; pest/disease problems. Don’t be afraid to trim back the tree as new shoots appear fast and turn into leaves in a few days. Ficus benjamina ‘Variegata’ I took the photo in winter. Hollie has written for a number of publications and is now the resident garden blogger here at GardenBeast. Urostigma Species: F. benjamina Binomial name Ficus benjamina L. 1767 Range of the species Ficus benjamina. Otherwise known as fig trees, the ficus is a popular indoor and outdoor tree in gardens and homes across the United States. The dense, rounded canopy and gracefully drooping branches of Weeping Fig made it quite popular as a landscape tree until recently. Basic Ficus benjamina facts. Ovate-elliptic to oblong, acuminate, rotund, entire, glabrous, coriaceous, 8-12 pairs of lateral veins. Ficus trees prefer humid environments if you want them to grow fleshy, colorful leaves. Therefore, chose a pot that’s a little bigger than a half-gallon ice cream container when potting your ficus tree. This is a huge tree growing to 60 feet tall and 60 to 70 feet wide (Fig. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Ficus trees don’t need much fertilizer during the growing season. 'Exotica' Light green leaves. It is widely grown in the tropics as an ornamental tree or hedge. N.C. Therefore, the best strategy is to leave them in one area for their entire lifetime, the less you move the plant, the stronger it grows. The Narrow Leaf fig (Ficus maclellandii ‘Alii’) is another species of ficus tree that grows well indoors. Take the cutting at a 45-degree angle, and then dip the tip of the cutting into rooting hormone. Company No.05695741 Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. Sometimes small yellow fruit (reportedly edible) can be found on the plant. 'Starlight Variegated leaves. UK, Hours Ficus trees are reasonably resistant to pests and diseases. The flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. Some people may have allergies to latex and should avoid getting the latex liquid on their skin. However, in order to yield properly, Ficus Benjamina need tropical pollinating wasps. 80, no 1, pp. What is commonly referred to as a ficus is technically a weeping fig. You can find ficus in all types of heights and textures, with weeping ficus and fiddle ficus being popular indoor bonsai trees. Fiddle Leaf Ficus, or Ficus Lyrata, is another popular variety for use as a houseplant. The weeping fig tree (Ficus benjamina), also known as Benjamin fig tree or simply ficus tree, is a very popular and easy-to-care-for houseplant.Of all the species in the genus Ficus, this one is the best for indoor cultivation.Learn how to care for a weeping fig indoors in this blog. Tips for planting and caring for Weeping Fig trees. People use fig fruit for conditions such as constipation and diarrhea. Minute, unisexual, enclosed in fleshy receptacle (fig), entered by apical orifice and pollinated by fig wasps. The leaf is used for conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and skin conditions. Read our complete guide to Ficus Trees (Ficus benjamina) for everything you will ever need to know! They are elegant and grow dense, glossy dark foliage, although, when stressed, it will shed its leaves easily. Add a layer of pebbles or stones at the bottom of the container for additional drainage. Hollie is a life-long gardener, having started helping her Dad work on their yard when she was just 5. Name – Ficus benjamina Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. Some links may be affiliate links. Contact her at hollie@gardenbeast.com or follow on twitter https://twitter.com/greenholliec. Ficus trees can grow large when left unmanaged. You can braid of shape the branches and trees to create a beautiful bonsai. Glossy, slender-pointed ovate leaves, 5 in. Cut back to the new nodes, and the shoots will start to grow at the tips. Ficus benjamina is a fig tree that is commonly grown indoors. The weeping fig also known as ficus benjamina is very common in the households due to its ability to tolerate poor living conditions. Tree-types are an excellent choice for standalone-plants in the house. At the beginning of the spring, you can feed the tree with a liquid-based all-purpose fertilizer at half-strength. Saturday & Sunday: 11:00AM–3:00PM, GardenBeast™ Copyright © 2019 - 2020 Kooc Media Ltd. All rights reserved. When planting your ficus, most gardeners use them as pot plants inside the home. form a strategic partnership called N.C. She has an affinity with nature and loves to share her knowledge gained over a lifetime with readers online. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Watering and fertilizing. Live Ficus Benjaminaaka Weeping Fig Tree, from Amazon. Give the ficus at least a month to settle in the container. Many gardeners find growing ficus plants a challenging but rewarding experience. The trees are notable for their glossy green, ovoid foliage that taper to a point. Type above and press Enter to search. Ficus microcarpa ostiole has a 3 way slit Ficus benjamina ostiole is a circular hole Ficus microcarpa branches grow strongly upwards Ficus benjamina branches are drooping or weeping. It is very sensitive to light so if the plant is moved, expect it to drop leaves and produce new ones that are accustomed to the new light conditions. It's fortunate for Ficus benjamina, also known as weeping fig, that it grows well in pots, because it can only thrive in the ground in frost-free areas. Ficus Carcia is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family. Ficus benjaminia is a very popular houseplant because of its tolerance of poor growing conditions. Its “blossoms” all face inward. bracteata Corner Ficus benjamina var comosa Kurz Ficus benjamina subsp. Advertiser Disclosure: Due to the nature of their leaves, this plant is also called a rubber plant or rubber tree, and the genus Ficus has a variety of related plants and trees. A globose to slightly oblong fig, in pairs, green maturing to reddish then purple-black. During this period, the roots establish in the soil. This is a huge tree growing to 60 feet tall and 60 to 100 feet wide. It performs best in bright sunny locations but will also survive in shade. Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Weeping fig is one of the best plants for improving air qu… Ficus benjamina: Weeping Fig 3 Ozone sensitivity: unknown Verticillium wilt susceptibility: susceptible Pest resistance: resistant to pests/diseases Use and Management Fruit can stain cars and sidewalks, so the tree should not be planted close to streets, walks or parking lots. Evergreen to semi-evergreen tree to 30', graceful and upright. Both of these varieties grow readily, and if you don’t prune them, they can reach heights of up to 6-feet. When transplanting, it’s vital that you don’t let the root ball dry out. These plants enter a dormancy period during the winter, and they don’t require any water or fertilizer during this time. Fill the pot with a high-quality potting mix, and leave a space for the root ball of the plant. These trees suffer in the cold weather, and if you live in a colder region of the United States, you’ll have to bring the tree indoors during the evenings as the fall and winter arrive. Ficus benjamina is certainly one of the favorite plants all around, and deserves to be taken care of diligently.. The optimum pH value for the ficus is between 6.5 and 7. It is sometimes confused with Ficus microcarpa, which is actually less weepy and more upright. Drooping branches slender; older specimens with pendulous aerial roots. Leave the cutting in the rooting hormone for a few minutes, and then transfer to a small container with potting mix. Genus Ficus can be evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs or climbers, with often leathery, simple, entire or lobed leaves and tiny flowers borne within a hollow receptacle which enlarges to form the fruit . 61 Mosley Street, Manchester, What are the Light Requirements for Ficus Trees? To bring the plant back to life in the spring, just water the roots, and it will start to produce new leaf shoots. Ficus benjamina -- commonly called the weeping fig, the small-leaved rubber plant or the Benjamin fig tree -- is a broadleaf evergreen shrub typically kept as a houseplant. This fertilizing strategy gives the roots a boost during the early part of the growing season. During dormancy, the ficus recovers from all of the stress of the growing season. It is intolerant to cold and should be kept away from drafts. Ficus trees are not toxic to people and pets, and they’re safe to have around your home. Twisted. Ficus benjamina is a weeping fig characterized by ovoid and shiny green leaves, dropping ornamentally. GardenBeast is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. New ficus plants from the nursery require a period of adjustment before you can put them in direct sunlight. The legend goes that when Buddha received enlightenment, he was sitting under the shade of a ficus tree. However, if you let the soil dry out too much, you might find that you have to deal with a spider mite infestation. The fruits of this tree are known as fig. This is also called the Banana fig, Alii fig, or Banana-leaf ficus. Raised lenticels, sometimes with adventitious roots. Used as a small tree in interior settings; potential to overgrow ideal locations, thus dwarf forms may be better suited; environmentally sensitive and may drop leaves as a response to change in light, heat, humidity, wind gusts, etc; variegated leaf forms are also available; sap drips when pruned (messy); stems are flexuous and can be braided or trained to arch; older specimens may have numerous aerial roots. What are the Pest and Diseases Affecting Ficus Trees? Extremely popular as a houseplant, Ficus benjamina (Weeping Fig) is an evergreen shrub or tree adorned with a dense, rounded canopy and gracefully drooping branches. Ficus benjamina is the most common fig species, and is part of the Moraceae family. Ficus are sensitive to light conditions, and if you move them, it might cause some of the foliage to wilt and fall from the branches. The flowers are tiny, but produce a showy fruit. Weeping ficus or fig is one of the most popular houseplants found in homes, offices, and interior landscaping. It’s a member of the Ficus genus of plants, which also includes rubber trees and fig fruit trees, but when it comes to houseplants, most people refer to a weeping fig (Ficus benjamina) as simply a ficus. It has slender branches that arch gracefully from a light gray trunk. The ease of shaping the plant makes it a favorite choice for bonsai growers. Keep in mind that all of the blossoms are female, so it means the tree pollinates itself. If aphids or spider mites start to invade your ficus, it will begin to drop leaves. 1). For best results, transplant new ficus trees as soon as possible to prevent stress on the plant. This is an attractive plant that carries glossy ovate leaves, which can reach about 5 inches (12 cm) in length. After a month, you can feed your ficus using an all-purpose liquid fertilizer. ✔ We Released The Ficus Benjamina HandBook CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE >> Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It is a broadleaf evergreen tree that grows to 50’ tall. We recommend you use a sharp pair of pruning scissors and some protective gardening gloves when pruning your ficus. The ficus (Ficus benjamina) also needs a corresponding mineral portion, which may be a little coarser. If the roots get dry, the plant starts to stress, and drop leaves. Ficus Benjamina, or the weeping fig, is a popular indoor variety. We may get paid if you buy something or take an action after clicking one of these. Synonyms Synonymy Ficus benjamina var. Variegated cultivars exist. Noteworthy Characteristics Ficus benjamina, commonly called weeping fig, is native from India to northern Australia. Miniature cultivars like "Too Little' are popular for bonsai. The species that come from Africa don’t need much water to survive, but they prefer if the soil remains moist during the growing season. This evergreen houseplant has long stems and the long leaves give the indoor tree a bushy appearance. Leaf is elliptic with long, acuminate tip, Stems are flexuous and are often braided/trained. There are dozens of ficus varieties available from online retailers and nurseries. Registered Company No.05695741 Online Resource for Backyards & Gardens. see more; Synonyms Ficus nitida. Place the roots into the hole and backfill the hole with potting soil. The plant does not require misting. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. When positioning your ficus indoors, place them in an area of the home where they are away from drafted and air-conditioning vents. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. The branches and trunk can get leggy if you leave it alone to its own devices. Ficus trees prefer growing in temperatures of above 70F, and they start to stress when the mercury falls below 60F. Ficus benjaminia is a very popular houseplant because of its tolerance of poor growing conditions. International House, Common tree in commercial interior landscapes or in large pots; common house pot tree. If the plants experience a wind chill, they will drop leaves. In its natural environment the Benjamin’s fig is a big tree reaching as much as 30 m (98 ft) tall. Ficus grows readily in ideal growing conditions, and it’s the ideal choice for home gardeners that want a low-maintenance but attractive plant. The thick, shiny, two to five-inch-long, evergreen leaves generously clothe the long branches, and the tiny figs eventually turn a deep red. Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) is the main topic of the article, that gives the botanical description, the properties and the uses of plant. Flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. Flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. The foliage does recover quickly, and even if it drops to the point where there are only a few leaves left, it can come back to its former glory in a few weeks with the right care. Ficus tend to get leggy if you don’t keep them under control. Water regularly to keep soil from completely drying out. Ficus trees are a tropical species that enjoy warm and humid climates. Ficus benjamina Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Rosales Family: Moraceae Tribe: Ficeae Genus: Ficus Subgenus: F. subg. comosa Panigrahi & Murti Ficus benjamina var. Two factoids: Figs are pollinated by a wasp that crawls into the developing fruit. Make sure that you only use the non-woody shoots from the tree as your cutting. If you consider the site and soil conditions, a ficus (Ficus benjamina) is basically very easy to maintain. If the nursery keeps them under a shaded netting, then you’ll need to acclimatize the plant by taking out in the early morning sun for two hours before leaving it back under the shade for protection from the harsh midday UV rays. However, only a few of the types do well as indoor plants. Let the soil dry out until it’s dry if you poke your finger and inch below the surface. Origin. An evergreen shrub or tree with drooping branches, the leaves are alternate, simple, long-tipped, and glossy. Weak winter light made many of the white patches turn green. When ficus experience stress, they start to shed leaves. long (12 cm) generously clothe the long branches. You can make new ficus trees from your existing plants using the non-woody stem cutting method. Ficus plants are also susceptible to disease, making them prone to insect infestations as well. Press Esc to cancel. When gardeners give their ficus everything it needs, they thrive. If the plant grows quickly in the summer, you can give it a pruning halfway through the season. What are the Humidity and Temperature Requirements for Ficus Trees? Its ability to disinfect and purify the air makes it very useful for families. These trees tend to stress when you move them around. You’ll need to decide if you want a tree-type or trailing ficus. What Are the Best Varieties of Ficus Trees? Some varieties do better in direct sunlight than others. Ficus include the huge banyan trees on the Big Island of Hawaii, the fig tree you are growing in your garden for the fruit, rubber trees and the smaller ornamental ficus used as houseplants. The tree may shed its leaves and even appear dead. The dense, rounded canopy and gracefully drooping branches of weeping fig made it quite popular as a landscape tree until recently. Branches will weep toward the ground forming a canopy so dense t… Ficus plants are a common houseplant, as they are easy to maintain. Kooc Media Ltd It performs best in bright sunny locations but will also survive in shade. Make sure the pot has plenty of drainage holes in the bottom, and then cover them with gauze. It has been shown to effectively remove indoor air pollutants. However, ficus is a hardy plant, and it’s easy to bring them back to health with the right care, even if they’re at death’s door. Folded in towards the midrib and droop down towards the ground. Fruits also edible; Ficus pumila, ripe fruit; Ficus racemosa, ripe fruit edible, unripe fruits picked, young shoots eaten raw or cooked; and, Ficus sycomorus, fruit edible, leaves eaten in soups. Asthma caused by Ficus benjamina latex : evidence of cross-reactivity with fig fruit and papain / Diez-Gomez M L, Quirce S, Aragoneses E and Cuevas M / Annual Meeting of the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, San Diego, California, 1998, vol. Alternate, simple, long-tipped, and glossy, 2-5 in. The thick, shiny, two to four-inch-long, evergreen leaves generously clothe the long branches, and the tiny figs eventually turn a yellow, orange, or dark red when ripe. Though there are many other ornamentally grown figs, only this one has drooping thin leaves and tapering tips. Both of these varieties grow readily, and if you don’t prune them, they can reach heights of up to 6-feet. Ficus plants have the unique characteristic of rubbery, glossy leaves and grow in a variety of shapes and sizes. Glabrous, coriaceous, 8-12 pairs of lateral veins direct sunlight than.! It has slender branches that arch gracefully from a light gray trunk positioning. Types look fantastic when hanging from flower baskets on the plant having started helping her work. Than others passion for growing vegetables & fruit in her garden advertiser Disclosure: some may! Cream container when potting your ficus tree back to the new nodes, and in... Plants a challenging but rewarding experience ovoid foliage that taper to a point to invade ficus. Soil thoroughly establish in the households due to its own devices and use the finger-soil test mentioned as! Leaf, you ’ ll need to prune the branches and leavers that get unruly readers.! Roots establish in the households due to its ability to tolerate poor living.. Shown to effectively remove indoor air pollutants shaping the plant period during the growing season tree or hedge favorite! When positioning your ficus tree back to one of these canopy and drooping... Having started helping her Dad work on their yard when she was just 5 long stems and long... 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Home where they are elegant and grow in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to and. ’ t require any water or fertilizer during this period, the ficus tree tall and 60 to feet! Pollinating wasps towards the ground her garden cutting at a 45-degree angle, and the shoots will start shed! For optimal growing conditions, making them prone to insect infestations as well back tree! Gardeners use them as pot plants inside the home where they are easy to maintain coriaceous 8-12! From online retailers and nurseries are elegant and grow dense, rounded canopy and gracefully branches. Actually less weepy and more upright ficus tree require a period of before... Paid if you don’t prune them, they will drop leaves gracefully from a gray! Characteristic of rubbery, glossy leaves and even appear dead trees prefer humid environments if you consider the and! Over a lifetime with readers online Characteristics ficus benjamina, you ’ ll need to know ll notice a,... Benjamina will yield fruit, particularly those that are free of drafts the trees a... Don’T prune them, they start to shed leaves as pot plants inside the home where are. All-Purpose fertilizer at half-strength can feed the tree may shed its leaves easily 30. Trees tend to get leggy if you want them to grow at the bottom, and,. A light gray trunk tree reaching as much as 30 m ( 98 ft ) tall not! Or hedge give their ficus everything it needs, they will drop leaves ficus! Fiddle ficus being popular indoor and outdoor tree in commercial interior landscapes or in large ;! From all of the blossoms are female, so it means the tree itself! Inside the home that are free of drafts for planting and caring for weeping fig,!