Copyright © 2016 ( dowries ) Payment, as property or money, of a bride’s inheritance by her family to the groom or his family at the time of marriage. It is also understood as a form of compensation for the loss of labor, productive and reproductive, the bride's family incurs when she marries and moves out. Concordia University WEB MONTREAL. 22.) Thursday, February 9, 2012. n. See bride price. Mode of production: Definition. Clan: a group of people who have a general notion of common descent that is not attached to a specific biological ancestor. What is bridewealth? Anthropology. Pretorius, Henk. Bride price, bridewealth, or bride token, is money, property, or other form of wealth paid by a groom or his family to the family of the woman he will be married to or is just about to marry. 04/01/2009. New search | ... Nuosu on-going and dynamic negotiation and engagement with state definitions of ethnicity and legitimacy has thus led to the reification of the state as an interlocutor at the most local level and in core events of Nuosu's daily life, importantly the practice of bridewealth. Antonyms for Bridewealth. n.d.1. The bride price or bride wealth system constitutes assumes an important role in the distribution of family property and the arrangement of exchanges and alliances among families in many socieities. Adaptive strategies: Definition. (London School of Economics, Monographs on Social Anthropology, No. The debate about the meanings and social implications of bridewealth is strongly-divided and is an issue that affects the lives of thousands of young people attempting to marry across the world. 2013. yclept / ɪˈklɛpt / adjective. Definition of Culture. Some … ... “Anthropology and Apartheid: The Work of South African Anthropologists”, in Fortes, M. and Patterson, S., eds., Studies in African Social Anthropology, London, 1975. ... 13. The term ‘brideprice’ is rarely used now because of the implication that the woman is being purchased. Christine Jourdan, Alexis Black and Fabienne Labbé. See definitions & examples. In addition, in the event a woman seeks divorce in a union where bridewealth was paid, her family is generally obligated to reimburse the bridewealth either in full or in part. Does English Have More Words Than Any Other Language? by the group of a man to the group of a woman as one of the concrete obligations of the union, For, whatever else they may be, cattle, spears, goats, arrows, pots, labor, etc., have an eco-. way of organizing production - a set of social relations through … These payments were traditionally made in the form of valuables (e.g. Current Anthropology 15.4: 469–493. Radcliffe-Brown, in full Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown, (born Jan. 17, 1881, Birmingham, Warwick, Eng.—died Oct. 24, 1955, London), English social anthropologist of the 20th century who developed a systematic framework of concepts and generalizations relating to the social structures of preindustrial societies and their functions. Also known as bride price, bride token, or under different vernacular names (e.g. 1981. Bride Wealth. The evolutionary psychologists' position is not inaccurate; by definition, all adaptations are shaped by past selective conditions. Ethnology. Though proponents of the practice often argue that the practice is not akin to 'selling daughters' and even though the terminology associated with the practice in native languages does not always connote economic exchange, some critics maintain that bridewealth is associated with the commodification of women, and encourages men's conceptions of having 'bought' a woman. These Foreign Words And Phrases Are Now Used In English. 1 word related to bride price: gift. (10) Neither bridewealth, the money used to arrange marriage, nor wergeld (or "bloodwealth"), the money presented to the family of a murder victim so as to prevent or resolve a blood-feud, is a form of payment or compensation. In all cases, the young couple is indebted, morally or/and financially, to the family of the husband. Critiques of Bridewealth: Constraints on Men. Critiques of Bridewealth: Constraints on Women. This database is intended to serve scholars, communities and individuals as they explore this widespread practice and the articulation of these customary practices embedded in national and international legal … Noun. Her children will belong to the lineage and clan of their father. ... (dictionary definition). An exogamous society would only marry outside of itself (Gebusi only marries outsiders, or family … For cultures that embrace bridewealth, divorce is only recognized once the family of the groom acknowledges the return of the bridewealth (Callan, Street & Underdown, 2013). Essentially this means that bridewealth marriages are those in which the groom (and often his family) remit a payment in some form to the bride's family in order to officialize a marriage. There are no firm rules prohibiting interaction between classes. Keesing, Roger M. 1981. The inflation in bridewealth … Bridewealth and Its Correlates. Bridewealth is said to establish strong social bonds by opening kinship roads between the families of the bride and the groom and to formalize an alliance between different clans. Bride price can be compared to dowry, which is paid to the groom, or used by the bride to help establish the new household, and dower, which is property settled on the bride herself by the groom at the time of marriage. https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/brideprice+and+bridewealth, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content. Bride price, also referred to as “bride wealth,” is the most common of these, occurring in approximately 44% of all societies that have explicit forms of marital economic transactions. Bride price is a gift of money or goods given by the groom and his family to the bride’s family. Define bride wealth. Bilateral descent: descent is recognized through both the father and the mother’s sides of the family. The Code of Hammurabi details this practice in ancient Mesopotamia, the books of Genesis and Exodus dictate regulations for the payment of Moha (from the groom to the bride's father) and passages from the Iliad and the Odyssey suggest that bridewealth was a custom in Homeric Greece. Cultural anthropologists also do systematic comparisons of similar cultures. shell valuables in the Pacific, cattle in most parts of Africa and livestock and jewelry in many countries of Asia). Typically, these societies are found in East and North Africa, the Middle-East, Central Asia and the Pacific. The timing and reasons for going to broad spectrum collecting and food production. The anthropologist Roger Keesing defined bridewealth as "[m]arriage payments from the husband and his kin to the bride's kin." the set of learned behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values, and ideals that are characteristic of a particular society or population. Economic Transactions in Marriage. Essentially this means that bridewealth marriages are those in which the groom (and often his family) remit a payment in some form to the bride's family in order to officialize a marriage. Level. It covers the main themes in the discipline while allowing space for other books and articles, and other media to be assigned. But anthropology is indeed just that … Bridewealth exchange is also criticized for its impacts on girls and women. However, increasingly globalized market economies inform the commodities in contemporary exchanges, which can consist of cash, practical necessities and tools, as well as luxury goods. a type of antelope; a shrub or small tree with large clusters of bell-shaped flowers ; a traditional … The practice of paying bridewealth maintains cultural importance in a number of contemporary societies where it persists not only in rural areas, but in urban settings as well, including in the marital unions of the well-educated middle and upper class. Test your South African English! Murdock, George Peter. Thomas Barfield. Rather, I question the utility of excluding consideration of the spe- cifics of contemporary conditions in the study of adaptive variation in behavioural expression (see Borgerhoff Mulder et al. 626 pp.Companion Encyclopedia of Anthropology: Humanity, Culture, and Social Life. Undergraduate 1. Typically, "these payments balance a transfer of rights over the wife's sexuality, work services, residence, and fertility" (Keesing 1981 : 508). ... and thereby to offer unequivocal definitions of status and correct resolutions of disputes. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. Bridewealth, also called bride-price or marriage payment, payment made by a groom or his kin to the kin of the bride in order to ratify a marriage. Cultural Anthropology: A Contemporary Perspective. In anthropology, kinship is often an excellent way to analyze, and derive the reason for, relationships that would otherwise be impossible to decipher. Bridewealth describes a compensation given to the family of the bride by the groom or his kin upon marriage. Though many individuals in communities where bridewealth is practiced value the custom as a method for linking families, as a demonstration of a potential husband's ability to provide for a woman's future and more generally as a material expression of the value of women in their societies, the practice is criticized by many. ( ANTHROPOLOGY) a payment from the groom's kin to the bride's kin at marriage. Women who are unable to mobilize the necessary funds for the reimbursement (via their families, or another man who is interested in marrying them) are therefore unable to leave unhappy, or even violent relationships. When bridewealth was paid, and where customary law coexists with modern law, children's custody is often given to the father and his family, as bridewealth is also meant to secure the products of women's fertility. anthropology ; Chinese studies ; development studies ; social policy ; Asian studies. Fanie Fourie's Lobola. Material culture is a term used in archaeology and other anthropology-related fields to refer to all the corporeal, tangible objects that are created, used, kept and left behind by past and present cultures. But an emerging consensus of … All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. The anthropologist Roger Keesing defined bridewealth as " [m]arriage payments from the husband and his kin to the bride's kin." Comparative anthropology has shown that bridewealth is more likely to be paid amongst populations whose main mode of food getting system is horticulture or pastoralism. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. Design, Anthropology and Diaspora Digital Anthropology Disability and Deaf Studies and Anthropology Douglas, Mary Drake, St. Clair Dreaming Durkheim and the Anthropology of Religion Economic Anthropology Embodied/Virtual Environments Embodiment Anthropologyguide is an anthropology resource guide for all anthropology lovers. High Bridewealth, Migrant Labour and the Position of Women in Lesotho - Volume 21 Issue 1 - Colin Murray. Bridewealth: payments made to the bride’s family by the groom’s family before marriage. In view of the research project we are currently conducting on bridewealth in Solomon Islands, we put an emphasis on manifestations of the practice in the Pacific and in the Solomon Islands. The Dictionary of Anthropology. Synonyms for Bridewealth in Free Thesaurus. 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