Responds poorly to steam bending. In British Columbia, the elevation range extends to nearly 2100 m (7,000 ft) in the interior valleys of the Selkirk Range. ft. single-family home is a 3 bed, 1.0 bath property. This review covers black cottonwood communities in Alaska. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. 1990. Cottonwoods are fast-growing trees, adding about 3 feet to their height each year. Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) • Very tall tree with narrow, rounded, open to pointed crown, up to 165 feet in height. Trichocarpa means “hairy-fruited,” referring to the cottony fluff that helps disperse the minute seeds for long distances. southcentral alaska. This attractive tree, which grows from 50 to 75 feet tall, is found throughout the Great Plains in locations with moist, low ground. Black cottonwood. USDA PLANTS Database. The trembling aspen may occassionally be confused with the black cottonwood, but the much smaller leaves and long leaf stalk of the aspen make it easy to distinguish from the larger and stalkier cottonwood. Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa temporarily flooded forest alliance, Populus balsamifera ssp. balsamifera. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. Ref… Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. Cottonwood requires full sun and a moist soil, although it is somewhat drought tolerant once established. They're also long-lived trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years. Montana Range. In keeping with our desire to provide meat that is free of unnatural substances, the cattle are not injected with hormones, antibiotics or … Though not as showy as the leaves of their famous (but less common) relative, the quaking aspen, the leaves turn a beautiful yellow in autumn. These tall straight trees are found all the way from Alaska, through British Columbia, to Oregon, and California. By Forest Jay Gauna Populus balsamifera ssp. Largest of all North American cottonwoods. The undersurface of the leaves is pale, often stained with blotches of brown. The black cottonwood tree may grow a bit slower. The range of black cottonwood extends from Alaska, including various islands, through coastal regions of western Canada (Yukon, British Columbia, and Alberta) into the northwestern US (Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Nevada; rare in North Dakota, Wyoming, Utah, and California) and as far south as Baja California Norte. Year-round . Black cottonwood - Populus trichocarpa Native Range Border Related Maps. Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; The trees are fast-growing taking 30-75 years to reach maturity. tricocarpa. Catkins appear before the leaves in … Click on a place name to … floodplains. The Range of Eastern Cottonwood (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons) Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. Economic uses of the black cottonwood include course lumber and the manufacture of wood products such as paper. This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. Photo by Linda Swartz. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! - black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images • Grows well on moist fertile to dry sterile coarse soils that are flooded, i.e. This hybridization may be considered intraspecific (see balsam poplar). The resin is used in medicine and perfume. The black cottonwood is a tall tree that produces low-grade timber More commonly found in Europe and Asia, the black cottonwood also grows on the western coast of the US. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Next Up. Flowers are yellow and bloom in … Here in Washington, it’s also known as pisswood by those unwise enough to burn it. Look to Native Species When Plotting Out Your Garden. Last measured in April, 2008, this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. The Plains cottonwood (Populus sargentii) has long been prized in the Great Plains states, where it was often the earliest and tallest tree to grow at the time of Western settlement. Black cottonwood series NVCS (2009) Populus balsamifera ssp. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. Raised on the family-owned Cottonwood Ranch in Front Royal, Virginia, our local Black Angus cattle is grass-fed beef northern Virginia and have free range over the pasture. Glues and finishes well. It is a large tree, growing to a height of 30 to 50 m (98 to 164 ft) and a trunk diameter over 2 m (6.6 ft), which makes it the largest poplar species in the Americas. (up to two metres per year). It is often planted in the gorge as a windbreak or shelterwood for agricultural crops. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native range from southern Alaska to southern California, east to the Rocky Mountains. bears. Pricing/Availability: Cottonwood is generally regarded as low-value wood, and isn’t commonly harvested or available as lumber—though it can usually be found throughout its natural range for utility purposes. The name of another New Mexican town, Alamogordo, means “the fat cottonwood tree.”. Notes: Bell, D.S. Range Comments. Common Uses: Boxes/crates, veneer, plywood, and various utility purposes. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Black cottonwood (Populus balsamifera) — grows west of the Rocky Mountains. trichocarpa range map. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. The lanceleaf cottonwood (Populus acuminata), hardy in … Black cottonwood catkins. The Spanish name for cottonwoods is “álamo,” leading the conclusion that the proper Spanish name for this tree is “álamo negro.” This name has lent itself to some famous places in America, such as the Alamo in San Antonio, site of a famous battle for Texan independence, as well as Los Alamos, New Mexico, site of American nuclear laboratories. spring. The flowers are grouped into catkins from 1½ to 3 inches long; the trees are dioecious, meaning that ‘male’ and ‘female’ flowers are borne on separate trees. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). Map Legend. sow bear looks out of her winter hibernation hole high up in a broken off cottonwood tree and watches a raven that is squawking nearby. Comments: So named for its cotton-like strands that accompany the tree’s seeds in the spring. It is fast growing and moderately long-lived. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. Some species, such as the Fremont and narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 150 years. Photo by Susan McDougal. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. The range of black cottonwood extends from Alaska, south through Yukon, British Columbia, and Alberta, the western, conterminous United States, and into Baja California Norte [ 7, 19, 20 ]. Does not split easily, and has poor nail-holding capability. The 1,890 sq. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. The trunk becomes grey and has deep grooves when it gets older. Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) — grows from California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Native Americans and herbal products companies use the resin for medicinal purposes as well, particularly for respiratory ailments. trichocarpa: hairy fruited; from the Greek thrix, a hair, and karpos, fruit. The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1400 Independence Ave., SW Black cottonwood grows from sea level to 600 in (2,000 ft) on the Kenai Peninsula of Alaska and up to 1500 in (5,000 ft) in the Cascade Range of Washington (23). A cottonwood in Willamette Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world records. Montana Field Guide. Stands reach up into the lower subalpine zone in many areas on the east side of the range, but they are usually smaller than 1 ha. Black cottonwood exhibits considerable variation throughout its range. It is normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up to 400 years. Because of this intermixing, black cottonwood has been suggested as a subspecies (i.e., Populus balsamifera subsp. trichocarpa) is a native tree that grows in northern, southern and central California. Fast & Free shipping on many items! The balsam used by churches is often derived from another subspecies, P. balsamifera ssp. This home was built in 2006 and last sold on for. 31° N.). trichocarpa) (2,37). It is known as a good light wood. Trunk diameters from 2 to 5 feet. Black cottonwoods. teton range of grand teton national park in the u.s. state of wyoming - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images ... under a black cottonwood tree, populus balsamifera, on the edge of wood lake, british columbia, canada - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. BRIT Press. The range of black cottonwood extends northeast from Kodiak Island along Cook Inlet to latitude 62° 30° N., then southeast in southeast Alaska and British Columbia to the forested areas of Washington and Oregon, to the mountains in southern California and northern Baja California (lat. Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam-poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. Populus balsamifera ssp. They inhabit riparian areas, especially along streams. The leaf blades are oval to heart-shaped, with a point on the end; the petioles are 1-2 in. Photo by Charles Webber, California Academy of Science. Balsam poplar and black cottonwood hybridize and produce frequently mixed populations where both taxa are sympatric or even where they are separated by rather large distances. Black Cottonwood is the largest hardwood tree in western North America. Wood has a tendency to warp and distort during drying. ... Black Cottonwood — Populus balsamifera. long; look for the pair of glands where the petiole joins the blade. ... At this height the trunk is supple and the branches can be bent over to bring the buds within easy picking range. Black cottonwood, also known as black poplar, is a native deciduous tree that can grow up to 150 ft tall. 31° N.). Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light brown. Leaves: The leaves of a black cottonwood tree grow alternately in a pale green shade, with a … Medicines and perfumes were made from balsam in Europe, and it plays a role in Christian rituals. 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