The donkeys' owners do not use insecticides to control the lice infestation, when they observe skin lesions; they treat with either eosin or povidone‑iodine. Donkey age and mean hair length were characteristics which affected louse prevalence: older and younger donkeys and donkeys with longer hair harboured the highest numbers of lice. With clean warm water, rinse your donkey thoroughly, use a clean sponge or small cup for their ears and face area. Please be aware that any veterinary treatment for health problems can sometimes be expensive. Start from the neck down, paying attention to the mane, the withers, the armpits and the groin area; these are the common areas for lice. Lice infestation, called pediculosis, is common among horses all over the world, especially in temperate climates. Use a small towel and dab gently to dry the ears and face. It can make up the entire feed. www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/horses/facts/info_mule.htm We have not found any particular shampoo to recommend. The old adage, 'prevention is better than cure', definitely applies. Use your spare hand to protect your donkey’s eyes. Self-fill drinkers can become blocked, water supply can fail, Clean any contaminated water containers as donkeys will not drink dirty water, Check water is not frozen or too cold. It will be really helpful if you can tell the vet if your donkey produces any dung and whether it looks normal. Persistently very loose or very dry droppings could be indicative of colic particularly if other symptoms appear. This photo shows tiny lice browsing at the roots of the mane hair. Suspect teeth problems if donkeys are 'quidding' (dropping part chewed feed) or drooling saliva. He has lice on his forehead. Remember the more you use the more there is to rinse. Listen to the abdomen with a stethoscope to check the gut sounds, Ask you about what the animal has been eating. The following kinds of colic (not an exhaustive list) are sometimes seen: The donkey with colic may only become dull and unwilling to eat. Any of the following signs should cause concern: If you see these signs or suspect that your donkey is unwell, call your vet immediately. The team separated the donkeys … Treatment depends on the cause diagnosed by the vet. If your horse is very itchy during the summer, this can be caused by summer itch (sweet itch) or an allergy to flies Lack of or a reduction in the normal quantity of droppings. Hospitalisation may be indicated and some cases may require surgery. Ensure your donkeys cannot access such material. In order to control any lice infestation in your donkey you will need to keep on top of clipping, bathing and the general grooming of your donkey. Wet the donkey’s body all over, preferably using a watering can with a rose type sprinkler head or a hose from mixer taps with hot and cold water. Many donkeys will not drink very cold water - take the chill off the water in cold weather. There are many causes, and many ways to greatly reduce the risk of colic. Consider changing the bedding to something less palatable, such as wood shavings. Your vet will probably carry out the following: Depending on the findings, your vet may introduce fluids into your donkey’s stomach via a tube that is inserted up one nostril. Haematopinus asini ingests the equine’s blood. D equi is a small louse, 1–2 mm long, and H asini is 3–3.5 mm long. Colic is a symptom rather than a disease, and defined as abdominal pain. Cardboard or paper bedding is not recommended for donkeys. Yeah, IME donks do seem to be a bit more susceptible than horses, which IME only tend to get lice/mites when quite run down. Those claiming to be anti-parasitic tend to have very low levels of the active ingredient and this can have the effect of promoting resistance to the effects of the product. Dental disease is more common in older donkeys. Observe your donkey daily, looking for any changes in behaviour. If you have ever had a horse with lice – it’s the stuff of nightmares – ugh! Pick up manure from the paddock a minimum of twice per week. Pancreatitis - very serious inflammation of the pancreas. YUK!! When moderate to large populations of lice build up on the coat or plumage of a host animal, their many tiny lice bites can create significant signs of skin irritation and itchiness in that animal. Euthanasia may also be the kindest option in serious cases. Lice are parasites that can live on the horse’s skin. Someone asked me the question this morning about a non chemical remedy for lice in horses – and O. M. Goodness it just makes you itch thinking about it doesn’t it? Some causes, such as tumours, may be unavoidable and their likelihood increases with age. If they’re poorly formed, watery, strong smelling, yellow, or bloody, it could be a sign of dehydration, diarrhea, parasites, illness, or improper nutrition. Use a small sponge to wet the face and areas behind the ears and hollows above the eyes; this is another common site for lice. Equine lice infestations can cause irritation, hair loss, anemia, scarring and inflammation of the skin, and self-mutilation. Two different types affect horses, distinguished by their source of nutrition. The other two lice, Bovicola equi and Trichodectes pilosus, chew on the surface of the skin. Avoid mouldy feed, Always soak sugar beet to the manufacturer’s recommendations, Ensure regular feeding: little and often, especially if the animal is on additional feed, Avoid access to too much rich spring grass, which can lead to problems with. Colic is so dangerous because by the time your donkey lets you know it has colic, it may be too late to save it. Donkey rugs, grooming tools and tack should all be thoroughly washed as well. What do you recommend to get rid of the lice before I turn him out with my mule? It may be necessary to put your donkey onto a ‘drip’ (fluid introduction via the large vein in the neck). Here's the questions I forgot to ask: 1. when do I re-treat (I am assuming to get the new hatches) 2. she has really long shaggy hair - when it warms up, should I full-body clip her? Research at The Donkey Sanctuary suggests that a significant percentage of donkeys reported as being just 'dull' are diagnosed with colic. When considering a donkey as a pet or companion, it is good to know what health problems are common, this way you can keep a good eye out for signs or symptoms … Horses and donkeys may be infested by two species of lice, Haematopinus asini, the horse bloodsucking louse, and Damalinia equi, the horse biting louse.D equi is also called Werneckiella equi and was formerly known as Bovicola equi, Trichodectes equi, and T parumpilosus.Both species are distributed worldwide. Fence off trees during fruiting to prevent gorging. Ensure regular faecal worm egg counts are carried out to determine if your donkeys require. I've always just used a general purpose powder called Pestene, for donkies, chickens, guineas and the odd old horse who has been rundown & contracted them. Avoid access to grain and other rich feed. Pat your donkey dry using old towels, this is the bit that your donkey will enjoy. As mite numbers increase so do the skin sores and scabs until the skin becomes raw and leathery in some areas. Do not attempt to treat your donkey yourself or give it a feed or any drugs. Signs are usually very evident and are more common in the cooler months when the horse's longer coat provides a warm, cozy home for the mites. Therefore, appropriate pet insurance is something that donkey owners should consider. Generally, they prefer to be in areas where … pruritus and dermal irritation with resultant scratching, rubbing, and biting of infested areas Watch out for donkeys eating their bedding, eg when box-rested under veterinary instruction. Collect your equipment and decide where you are going to bathe your donkey. The donkey is the natural host for the mature worm. Lice are tiny, wingless insects called ectoparasites—parasites that live on the exterior of the host. Book for free. Just because the signs can be less dramatic it does not mean the donkey is feeling pain any the less. The Donkey Sanctuary has found that there is resistance to the effects of the common anti-lice wash Deosect, so we find that clipping and bathing is an effective alternative. The Donkey Sanctuary has provided this guide to understanding colic, what signs to look for, its treatment and how to prevent colic in donkeys. Planning a visit to Sidmouth between 19 Dec and 4 Jan? It's possible for a horse to be so uncomfortable that it will appear listless or colicky. There was seasonal variation Check troughs at least daily. Lice on the horses occur mainly in the winter. Be aware of the average number of piles of droppings your donkeys pass each day as well as the consistency. However, any suspicion of colic requires immediate veterinary attention. According to the Mayo Clinic, more research is needed to learn how effective tea tree oil is for combating lice.In particular, scientists need to conduct more large well-designed trials. Perform a rectal examination (a painless and vital procedure). Lice infestation, also known as pediculosis, is extremely common in horses, especially in winter months. Preferably a friend/family member to help occupy and reassure your donkey and to run and get more water. Feed good quality forage and donkey specific proprietary feeds. Donkeys with very poor dentition, metabolic disease or those prone to laminitis may require a complete feed. Feed - sudden changes to diet, poor quality feed, too much grass, feeding cereals: Eating non-food items such as plastic bags, rope or bedding: Dental disease - failure to chew food adequately resulting in a blockage of the gut: Worms - migrating worm larvae or large numbers of worms causing an obstruction: Impactions or blockages with partially digested food, Tumours in the abdomen, particularly in older donkeys, Obstructions with 'foreign bodies' such as plastic bags. Check pasture and boundary fences and hedgerows frequently and remove them or fence off the problem area. Donkeys require specialist feeding - see our, Make any dietary changes gradually over at least a week, ideally 2-4 weeks. Donkey droppings shouldn’t be runny, nor should they be too hard, nor should they look like a “ cow pie”. Do not drench in one go and leave the head and ears to last. Horses have a thick winter coat which lice like a lot because it’s warm and comfy. There are three species of lice that can infect horses. Squeeze a little shampoo on to the sponge and work the shampoo into these areas. The stoic nature of the donkey is such that signs of colic are usually less dramatic than those seen in a horse, such as rolling, sweating or pawing the ground. Planning a visit to Sidmouth between 19 Dec and 4 Jan? Rolling and pawing at the ground (rare in donkeys, if seen indicates very serious problem), Colour of gums or inside eyelid - brick red colour is a poor sign. Like dogs, horses can become infected with lice. Sucking lice (Haematopinus asini) feed on blood by embedding their mouthparts into the roots of a horse’s hairs. Lice are external parasites that live on the skin. As the horse tries to relieve the itching by rubbing itself on fences, trees, or stall walls, it can rub raw patches into its skin. Several watering cans with a rose type sprinkler head or a hose with hot and cold water, Several large old bath towels and one small towel for the ears and face area, A hose connected to the water supply, close at hand, Two small sponges (baby sponges are ideal) or cup for the ears and face. Pour the water slowly to introduce this to your donkey slowly and give them time to become used to it. Pain killers will probably be prescribed and other drugs such as antibiotics may be indicated. Effective control by clipping and bathing. Use the shampoo sparingly and massage into the body. The Vet said to treat her with Ivermectin, and it may need to be re-treated. Complete Feeds. Areas affected by mange will weep fluid, becoming dry, crusty, thickened, and red. We thought Shadow (donkey) was clear, but 2 days ago I noticed some balding patches and found lice! Check the donkey’s breathing pattern so you will be able to spot any change. We would therefore advise a perfume-free baby shampoo, which is not too harsh to cause damage to your donkey's eyes and sensitive tissues. Symptoms – Infestation with lice is known as ‘pediculosis’ it commonest during the winter months when the coat is long. Book for free. depression, incoordination, staggering, trembling, convulsions, excitement, bleeding, and unfortunately, A donkey infested with mange mites will be suffering intense irritation to the skin which will have lesions, scabby areas and conseequent loss of hair. I was just given a small 15-20 year-old donkey. Donkeys generally show no clinical signs of infection, but do pass larvae in their feces. Ensure your donkeys' teeth are checked at least annually by a qualified equine dental technician or vet following a. The clipping allows the shampoo to reach the skin and the bathing literally drowns adult lice. You’ll need a ticket. I don't think lice is the case with my donkey as looked throughly through his mane and fur for any signs and did not see any. Give the vet any information that you have observed. Lice are visible with the naked eye (s ee the pictures in the blog) they lay eggs on the horses coat which are commonly referred to as ‘nits’ these can be seen through a magnifying glass. However, the lice eggs can still remain viable and this is why we advise a repeat bath after a couple of weeks by which time any eggs will have hatched but hopefully not had time to lay further eggs. Most lice are harmless to overall health, but they do cause tiny bites, which can be bothersome. 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